Saturday, January 23, 2016

Malay Road Toponyms 14

Malay Road Toponyms 1
Malay Road Toponyms 2
Malay Road Toponyms 3
Malay Road Toponyms 4
Malay Road Toponyms 5
Malay Road Toponyms 6
Malay Road Toponyms 7
Malay Road Toponyms 8
Malay Road Toponyms 9
Malay Road Toponyms 10
Malay Road Toponyms 11
Malay Road Toponyms 12
Malay Road Toponyms 13

Number 14. It has been a long time coming.

Bukit Purmei
  بوكيت ڤورمي

A short dead end street off Kampong Bharu Road, Bukit Prumei is home to Tang Gan Beo Temple and Church of St Teresa. "Prumei" in the older spelling of "Purmai" means "Serene" in Malay. The southern side of Bukit Prumei consists of a 16th century Muslim burial ground known as Tanah Kubor Di-Raja, (Also known as Keramat Bukit Kasita) in which the land the cemetery sits on is still owned by the State of Johor, Malaysia. Today, the area of Bukit Prumei forms a part of Radin Mas Estate. It has since spawn off a HDB Estate, Bukit Prumei Ville and two other roads, Bukit Prumei Avenue and Bukit Prumei Road and a park, Bukit Purmei Hillock Park.

Geylang Bahru
      ڬيلڠ بهرو

The name Geylang is found early on since the founding of Singapore. "R. Gilang" appears on the Jackson Plan of Singapore. Geylang is believed to be a corrupted Malay word, "kilang", meaning "factory" as the area was formerly a coconut plantation. Somewhat considered an extension of Geylang, Geylang Bahru, along with an expunged sister road named "Geylang Tengah", was first built and appeared on maps in 1969. Geylang Bahru spawned roads named Geylang Bahru Terrace and Geylang Bahru Lane. Geylang Bahru is literally translated to "New Geylang".

Geylang Serai
    ڬيلڠ سراي

Formerly known as Geylang Kelapa in the 1840s due the coconut plams in the area, the cultivation of lemon grass or "serai" in Malay soon after led to the renaming to the current name. Geylang Serai then became a major Malay Settlement after 1890s when the demand for lemon glass fell. The road was actually much longer than it used to be, stretching from Geylang Road an into the former Kampong Ubi area in the north. By the late 60s, only a short portion was left after the long part of the road was renamed to "Jalan Alsagoff" (Which also became expunged today). The adjacent road where the former Geylang Serai Estate and Market is was once name "Jalan Geylang Serai" but later renamed to "Jalan Pasar Baru" (New Market Road) in the early 70s. The road became expunged after the area was rebuild into "Sri Geylang Serai" in 2004.

Today, Geylang Serai is located within its namesake area and is considered a focal point and cultural heartland for the Malay community in Singapore. It is also interesting to note that Sims Avenue East was once three separate sections of road and were known as Lorong Abukeseh, Jalan Rebong and Jalan Nanas. Soon when a decision was made to make Changi Road a one way street and to compliment the traffic going towards the east, an extension was build east off Jalan Rebong and the stretch of road was renamed to "Sims Avenue East".

Jalan Aruan
   جالن اروان

Jalan Aruan is a short minor road located off Kampong Java Road. Flanked by 50s era terrace houses, the meaning behind "Aruan" is an older spelling of "Ikan Haruan", or Snakehead murrel in English. It is a type of freshwater carnivorous fish, native to South and Southeast Asia.

Jalan Ayer
   جالن ايير

Spelled as "Ayer", rather than "air", it is the older spelling of "water". Also, all roads that contained this word are also spelled this way. Presumably not to confuse with the English word for "air". A short dead end land, Jalan Ayer is located off Lorong 1 Geylang.

Jalan Besar
   جالن بسر

Orignally a dirt track, the road appeared sometime in the 1880s and was named "Jalan Besar" by the Municipality. Jalan Besar, in Malay translated to "big road" is actually taken to mean "main road". The area previously belonged to Norris brothers from the 1830s as a plantation. By the late 19th century, the surrounding swamp land that was a dumping refuse was slowly reclaimed and the road was paved and extended until Lavender Street. The lands along the road became shophouses, workshops and factories.

Jalan Besar today caterers to the one way traffic travelling into the city area. Famously known for today for the motorcycle workshops and lighting accessories there, the road's rich and colorful heritage can be seen from the mixture of conserved shophouses and other shopping establishments. Jalan Besar spawned a future MRT station and the Jalan Besar Group Constituency Committee.

Jalan Damai
   جالن داماي

The name Jalan Damai means "Peace Road" in Malay. Jalan Damai was formerly part of the Kaki Bukit Settlement, an extension of the Jalan Eunos Malay Settlement. The original "Jalan Damai" was actually expunged. To meet with the demands of the redevelopment of the area, Jalan Abdul Manan was realigned to Kaki Bukit Avenue 1 and Bedok Reservoir Road before taking on the name "Jalan Damai" in 1994. Today, it houses Bedok North Secondary School and a HDB estate alongside it.

Jalan Eunos
 جالن اييونوس

Described as "the father of Malay journalism" and the first Malay in the Legislative Council, Encik Eunos Abdullah has a namesake road named after him near the Geylang. Jalan Eunos history can be traced since the 1928s. The road today has been split into two separate sections, one main arterial road stretching from Geylang Road till Eunos Link and one minor road off Bedok Reservoir Road, currently part of Eunos Neighborhood. An extension of the road was also build and given the name "Upper Jalan Eunos". It has since been expunged.

Jalan Eunos has spawned a former Kampong Eunos and Kampong Melayu (Later renamed to Jalan Eunos Malay Settlement). Today, the name "Eunos" bares on many institutions including schools, an MRT station, an industrial estate, a HDB and industrial estate and other roads in the area.

Jalan Klapa
    جالن كلاڤا

Klapa, currently spelled as "kelapa" means "coconut" in Malay. Part of the Kampong Gelam Conservation District, the road is lined with shophouses. The road was named on December 1860 during a Municipal Council meeting.

Jalan Kledek
   جالن قليديق

Part of the Kampong Gelam Conservation District, Jalan Kledek is a short lane flanked by shophouses. Kledek, in the older spelling of keledek means sweet potato in Malay.

Jalan Lembah Kallang
         جالن لمبه كللڠ 

Located off Kallang Bahru, Jalan Lembah Kallang is translated as Kallang Plain Road. The road was first build in 1969. These roads in the area are the last few roads to be named using Malay suffixes.

Jalan Pinang
     جالن ڤينڠ

Jalan Pinang is a short minor lane located within the Kampong Gelam Conservation Area. It is flanked by conserved shophouses. The "Pinang" in Jalan Pinang refers to areca nut rather than the Malay name of the Malaysian state of Penang

Jalan Pisang
    جالن ڤيسڠ

The site of the road was formerly know as Kampung Selong, among other villages in the Raffles' era. Pisang means "banana" in Malay, following a theme to name after fruits in Kampong Gelam. The name of the road was decided during a Municipal Council meeting in 1860. Jalan Pisang today is a short minor road with conserved shophouses alongside it.

Jalan Punai
   جالن ڤوناي

Burung Punai is the Malay name for Large Green-pigeon. Jalan Punai is located off the minor part of Jalan Eunos, located within Eunos Neighbourhood. It is also one of the few roads within the Jalan Eunos Malay Settlement to survive redevelopment of the Bedok Reservoir area.

Jalan Rimau
   جالن ريمااو

Located in Eunos Neighbourhood, Jalan Rimau survived the surrounding redevelopment and was formerly part of the Kaki Bukit Malay Settlement, an extension of the Eunos Malay Settlement. The road was actually much longer than it used to be and only a portion survived today.

Jalan Singa
   جالن سيڠا

Jalan Singa is located in Eunos Neighbourhood, a private residential estate near Bedok Reservoir. It's one of the roads to survive the surrounding redevelopment of the Kaki Bukit Malay Settlement. Singa is Malay for "Lion".

Jalan Sultan
   جالن سلطان

One of the oldest roads in Singapore, the road's history can be traced since the time Raffles came into Singapore. Originally known as Jalan Malintang in the Raffles' era, the road marks marked the eastern boundary of the compound designated for Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor and his household. The sultan built his palace, known as Istana Kampong Gelam near the road. Probably resulted in the name change as well.

Jalan Tenaga
     جالن تناڬ

Once located within the Kaki Bukit Settlement, an extension of the Jalan Eunos Malay Settlement, Jalan Tenaga is one of the road names retained in the area. The original road itself has been expunged and in the late 80s, the new road built nearby took on the name "Jalan Tenaga". Tenaga is Malay for "energy." The minor road is flanked by HDB estates in the Bedok Reservoir area.

Jalan Turi
  جالن توري

Part of Geylang Serai Estate, Jalan Turi is named after a type of plant called Sesbania. The road was conceived and built in 1958, surrounding the Great Eastern Park at that time with the adjacent Jalan Rebong (Which has since been expunged and merged with Sims Avenue).

Jalan Ubi
  جالن اوبي

Jalan Ubi's history can be traced from the Japanese Occupation. Due to the shortage of food, villagers planted tapioca and it was the main staple of food during the occupation. Hence, the road and nearby kampong was named after the tapioca. Jalan Ubi was previously a very long road, reaching all the way into Kampong Ubi Industrial Estate (The estate is also named after the road). Developments in the 70s and 80s chewed it up, leaving a short portion off Changi Road. The road currently houses Kampong Ubi Community Center and Kampong Ubi Community Hub.

Jalan Satu, Jalan Dua, Jalan Tiga, Jalan Empat, Jalan Lima, Jalan Enam
                   جالن ساتو، جالن دوا، جالن تيڬ، جالن امڤت، جالن ليما، جالن انم

Conceived during the pre-independence of Singapore, "Jalan Satu", "Jalan Dua", "Jalan Tiga", "Jalan Empat" and "Jalan Enam", literally means "Road One", "Road Two", "Road Three", "Road Four", "Road Five" and "Road Six" respectively. The roads were named by the City Council of Singapore in 1958, on the decision that the roads should feature Malay names, to detach all forms of colonial rule and association.

Kallang Bahru
      كللڠ بهرو

Built in 1969, Kallang Bahru, literally translated as "New Kallang" is an extention of the Kallang area which was reclaimed from what was formerly a swampy area. At one time, there was also a Kallang Tengah adjacent to Kallang Bahru but has since been expunged.

Lorong 101 Changi to Lorong 110 Changi
       لوروڠ 110 چڠي         -      لوروڠ 101 چڠي

Numbered minor lanes along Changi Road started from Lorong 101 to Lorong 110 Changi. While other estates have been renamed to English suffixes, this numbering scheme is one of four to survive in Singapore.

Lorong Sireh Pinang
      لوروڠ سيريه ڤينڠ

Sireh Pinang or Bersirih and menginang is an tradition of chewing materials such as nut, betel, gambier, tobacco, limestone and clubs dating back to 3000 years. It is said to bring health benefits. Lorong Sireh Pinang is located off Geylang Road and it used to be a very long road, stretching all the way into the former Geylang Serai Settlement (Now Kampong Ubi Industrial Estate). By the 70s, most of it has been expunged and its role reduced to becoming a carpark entrance.

Padang Jeringau
     ڤادڠ جريڠاءو

Located off Kallang Road, this minor road is unique as it doesn't feature any street suffixes and is rather a name meant for a location rather than a road. The name was originally given to a Malay Village in 1906. Padang Jeringau is literally translated to "Sweet Flag" or "Calamus Field" in Malay. Among the common names, it is scientifically known as Acorus calamus. The site was originally a Malay kampong, nearby Kampong Bugis and Kallang Gas Works.

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