Wednesday, June 1, 2016

Malay Road Toponyms 24

Malay Road Toponyms 22
Malay Road Toponyms 23

The second last article in the Malay Road Toponyms series before I officially put an end with a closing epilogue.

Jalan Bangsawan
     جالن بڠساون

True to the road names with the namesake Opera Estate in the Siglap area, some roads are named after various opera art forms, songs, and composers, both in European (Dido Street, Carmen Street, Metropole Drive, and Swan Lake Avenue) and Malay. Jalan Bangsawan, first appearing on maps in 1961, is one example. "Bangsawan" is a type of traditional Malay opera performed by a troupe, and accompanied by music and sometimes dances.

Jalan Bintang Tiga
      جالن بينتڠ تيڬ

Located within Opera Estate and flanked by landed houses, Jalan Bintang Tiga is a short minor lane named after the Malay Bangsawan and later movie adaptation entitled “Jula Juli Bintang Tiga” (1959) locally produced by Cathay-Keris Film Productions. Jalan Bintang Tiga first appeared on maps in 1961. There is also another road in Keris Estate named after the film's protagonist, Jalan Puteri Jula Juli.

Jalan Hajijah
   جالن حاججه

Jalan Hajijah, located off East Coast Road was formerly the site of Kampong Jalan Hajijah, a Malay kampung of 30 houses with 300 residents  that existed for 80 years. The namesake kampung and road was named after its founder, Madam Hajijah. The kampung is long gone and all that remains is the namesake road while condominiums and landed houses replace the wooden houses.

Jalan Hang Jebat
     جالن هڠ جيبت

Jalan Hang Jebat is the only road in Singapore that bares the name of legendary Malaccan warrior. But the street name ironically wasn't directly referred to the Hang Jebat himself, but the former Malay Regiment military installation nearby in the 1930s. In turn the installation also spawned a former surau, now mosque at the road's end, Masjid Hang Jebat. Today, it is a part of Wessex Estate. The Malay Regiment military installation is long gone and the namesake Jalan Hang Jebat and the mosque is all that remains. Also along the road are the former colonial blocks that used to house British military officers are now owned by JTC Corporation and rented out.

The road is not depicted on the 2014 URA Master Plan and may be in danger of being expunged in future.
My blog post on Jalan Hang Jebat and Masjid Hang Jebat

Jalan Hormat
    جالن حرمت

Jalan Hormat is actually an internal road of SAFTI Military Institute and it doesn't appear on official maps or Google Maps. Hormat means respect in Malay. The name, Jalan Hormat, is a homage to the Army Museum of Singapore located along the road. Also, Malay is still regarded as the "official" organizational language of the Singapore Armed Forces. In the 60s and 70s, there was also a Jalan Hormat at the Kaki Bukit extension of Jalan Eunos Malay Settlement. This road has since been expunged.

Jalan Jamal
   جالن جمال

Located along Upper East Coast Road and within Opera Estate, Jalan Jamal is a minor road leading into Elite Park Avenue. Jamal means "beauty" in Arabic. It is usually used as a name for a male person. Jalan Jamal is flanked by landed housing on both sides.

Jalan Khairuddin
    جالن خير الدين

Located within Opera Estate and surrounded with landed housing, Jalan Khairuddin is named after a well known composer of Bangsawan plays, Khairuddin Tairu, but popularly known as "Tairu". Jalan Khairuddin named in 1967 and first appeared on maps in 1969. However, the newly named road at that time was met with disapproval from the residents and subsequently petition to rename it to "Fidelio Close". But ultimately, the name "Jalan Khairuddin" was stuck till this day.

Jalan Pasiran
   جالن ڤاسيرن

Located in the Novena area off Chancery Lane, Jalan Pasiran is a short minor lane linking Gentle Road. First build in the 1920s, the area then known as Kampong Pasiran. The origins of the name came from the Malay term "berparsiran" as the flat empty plains was once a dusty sandy ground where grass didn't grew. Today, only this short lane and a nearby mosque, Masjid Abdul Hamid Kampong Pasiran retains the name that was formerly referred to the area.

Jalan Pokok Serunai
   جالن ڤوكوق سروناءي

Jalan Pokok Serunai is a minor dead end lane off Upper East Coast Road surrounded by landed housing. Pokok serunai, or pokok serunai laut is Malay for sea daisy, beach daisy. Scientifically known as Melanthera biflora and it is a shrub found commonly in coastal areas.

Jalan Sempadan
     جالن سمڤادن

A minor dead end road off Upper East Coast Road, Jalan Sempadan is flanked by 60s era landed houses with the Villa Marina Condominium at the end. Previously, when the road was much longer, Keramat Kubor Lansam  and the old mosque of Masjid Kampong Siglap can be accessed through Jalan Sempadan. Keramat Kubor Lansam is an old Malay cemetery where Tok Lasam, the former Penghulu of Kampong Siglap, and his followers are buried. With most of the graves removed, only three can still be found today near a tree behind some houses. The graves belong to Tok Lasam, his wife and believed to be Tok Lasam’s panglima (commander). "Sempadan" is the Malay term for "boundary", in which the road itself marks the end of the former Kampong Siglap.

Jalan Tanah Puteh
      جالن تانه ڤوته

First appearing on maps in 1966, Jalan Tanah Puteh is a network of minor roads within Opera Estate serving the landed private housing there. "Tanah Puteh" in the older spelling of "Tanah Putih" means "White Sand" in Malay. There was also a very old Muslim cemetery and the end of one of the lanes that was dated before the 19th century. But since early 2010, it has since been exhumed by the authorities.

Jalan Terang Bulan
       جالن ترڠ بولن

First appearing on maps in 1960, Jalan Terang Bulan is located within Opera Estate, off Swan Lake Avenue ending at Dido Street. Appearing later than the rest of the roads in the estate, the name continues the theme of naming roads after songs and performances.

Flanked by landed houses, Jalan Terang Bulan is named after a namesake Indonesian song from the late 19th century named "Terang Bulan", composed by Pierre-Jean de Béranger (1780–1857), a French lyricist. It is also a little known fact that the tune of Terang Bulan was used in the Malaysian national anthem, "Negaraku" with the lyrics changed. There is also a "Terang Bulan Avenue", which was built sometime later.

Jalan Tua Kong
     جالن توا كوڠ

Located within Opera Estate, Jalan Tua Kong might have been named after a rather prominent Tua Pek Kong temple which existed there at that time some time in the 50s. Surrounded by landed housing, Jalan Tua Kong also spawn other minor dead end lands off it, including Tua Kong Green, Tua Kong Place, Tua Kong Terrace, Tua Kong Walk

Jalan Ulu Siglap
   جالن اولو سيڬلڤ

Located off Upper East Coast Road and a part of Opera Estate, Jalan Ulu Siglap literally translates to "Rural Siglap Road". The Taoist Kim San Tze Temple along the road has been in existence since 1948. The name "Siglap" attributed a local legend of a Malay chieftain, Tok Lasam, who upon first landing in the area during a dark thunderstorm, called it "Si-gelap", which translated literally from Malay means "darkness that conceals".

Lorong Siglap
  لوروڠ سيڬلڤ

Officially named in 1958, Lorong Siglap is a minor road of Opera Estate. The road is a minor road off Siglap Road and is flanked by private houses. Together with its sister lane, Siglap Close, the road forms a crescent.

Taman Siglap
  تامن سيڬلڤ

Taman Siglap, located off Siglap Road is a sloped minor dead end road located within Opera Estate and flanked by landed houses. Loosely translated in English as "Siglap Gardens", the road was officially named in 1958.

Pervious - Malay Road Toponyms 23
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