Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Malay Road Toponyms 25

Malay Road Toponyms 22
Malay Road Toponyms 23
Malay Road Toponyms 24

Finally, the last in the series. I'm glad that its over at the same time happy that its out there for all to see. Its time to put this chapter to a close before I let my personal thoughts and opinions on the subject matter in the epilogue.

Jalan Azam
    جالن عزم

Jalan Azam is located within Keris Estate. It seems that some of the roads had appeared on maps since 1955, but first named in 1961. The estate was formerly the site of the Cathay-Keris Production studios, a rival of Shaw Brothers' Malay Film Productions. Azam is translated to "intention" or "will", usually used to describe the intention of achieving a desired goal. It could also be used as a name for a male person.

Jalan Buloh Perindu
     جالن بولوه ڤريندو

The roads of Keris Estate has appeared on maps since 1955, but first named in 1961. Jalan Buloh Perindu is named after a Cathay-Keris Productions' first film "Buloh Perindu" (1953). Some other roads in the estate are also named after films made by the former studios located there. With disregard to the movie, "Buluh Perindu" as it is currently spelled, is a type of fragrant oil said to cause "longing."

Jalan Dondang Sayang
       جالن دونداڠ سايڠ

Named after a movie of Cathay-Keris Productions, "Dondang Sayang" (1956) directed by L. Krishnan, Jalan Dondang Sayang is located within Keris Estate. Another meaning for Dondang Sayang is the traditional Malay art form originated from Melaka. The art form has seen a decline in popularity since the mid-20th century. A minor dead end road flanked by landed houses, the roads had appeared on maps since 1955, but first named in 1961.

Jalan Keris
  جالن كريس

Jalan Keris was first named in 1961 but had appeared on maps since 1955. Jalan Keris is a minor road within Keris Estate. The name Jalan Keris, is a nod to the former Cathay-Keris Productions studios that was once located along the road, bearing the address 532-D Jalan Keris. Another meaning to the word "Keris" is a name of the traditional Malay dagger.

The studio today has been demolished and the stretch of road is now flanked by landed housing. Like Jalan Ampas, Jalan Keris and the surrounding roads within the estate, which are named after some films made by Cathay-Keris Productions, is now the remaining legacy of the 'Golden Age of Malay Cinema'.

Jalan Molek
   جالن موليق

First appearing on maps in 1963, Jalan Molek is a short dead end lane located off Lorong 24 Geylang. It is flanked by 60 era double story terrace houses. In Malay, "molek" is translated to "comely" to English. Unlike the English translation, which is used to describe a pretty woman, it can be used to describe anything that is pretty, such as water, scenery, ect. Usually something that is natural and not man made.

Jalan Puteri Jula Juli
   جالن ڤوتري جول جولي

Jalan Puteri Jula Juli, a minor dead end road located within Keris Estate, is named after the main protagonist of "Jula Juli Bintang Tiga" (1959), a movie based on the Bangsawan theater made by Cathay-Keris Productions, Puteri Jula Juli. It seems that some of the roads had appeared on maps since 1955, but first named in 1961. There is also another road within Opera Estate named after the movie, Jalan Bintang Tiga.

Jalan Rendang
     جالن ريندڠ

Located off Saint Patrick's Road, Jalan Randang is a short minor dead end lane flanked by landed housing and the Gracious Gardens condominium at the road's end. Jalan Rendang first appeared on maps in 1969. Rendang could mean a variety of things in Malay, from describing the thickness of leaves to the depth of the sea and also the popular spicy meat dish.

Jalan Saudara Ku
     جالن ساودارا كو

Jalan Saudara Ku is located within Keris Estate. As a former site of Cathay-Keris Productions, some of the roads are named after the films made by the studio. Jalan Saudara Ku is named after "Saudaraku" (1955). Without regard for the movie, "saudara ku" simply means "my relative" in Malay. On historical maps, the road had appeared since 1955, but first named in 1961.

Jalan Selendang Delima
        جالن سليندڠ دليم

As with some of the roads within Keris Estate, Jalan Selendang Delima is named after a movie made by Cathay-Keris Productions. "Selendang Delima" (1958) is a classic Malay film directed by K.M. Basker. First named in 1961, the road had appeared on maps since 1955. The literal translation of "Selendang Delima" to English is "ruby scarf".

Jalan Sotong
  جالن سوتوڠ

Located off St Patrick's Road, Jalan Sotong is a short minor dead end lane flanked by landed houses. Sotong means squid in Malay. The road first appeared on maps in 1966.

Jalan Suka
  جالن سوك

A sister road of Jalan Molek, Jalan Suka is a short dead end lane located off Lorong 24 Geylang. The road first appeared on maps in 1963. The southern end is flanked by 60s era double story terrace houses, while the northern side is lined up with 60s era apartment buildings.

Jalan Tamban
    جالن تمبن

First appeared on maps in 1963, Jalan Tamban is a minor dead end lane off St. Patrick's Road flanked by 60s era landed housing. Tamban is the Malay name for Herring, known scientifically as Clupea. Ikan Tamban can be found in Singapore waters, especially near Bedok Jetty.

Jalan Teck Kee
   جالن تچق كاي

Jalan Teck Kee is a minor uphill dead-end road located in Serangoon Gardens, along Yio Chu Kang Link. The road is an access road to a row of 50s era terrace houses and the bottom of the hill. Jalan Teck Kee used start from Yio Chu Kang Road before leading to a Chinese cemetery and the namesake Teck Kee Village Community Center at the road's end. After extensive research, I could not find the exact meaning behind the name Jalan Teck Kee.

Jalan Tenggiri
جالن تيڠڬيري

First appeared on maps in 1963. Currently surrounded by terrace houses of Teringgia Estate. Jalan Tenggiri is named after the Malay and Indonesian name for Spanish mackerel.

Kampong Bugis
   كامڤوڠ بوڬيس

This road off Kallang Road leading into Kallang Riverside Park is named after the namesake kampong, Kampong Bugis. Since the 1820s, the area was populated with ethnic Buginese settlers. The village had also appeared on early Singapore maps. It was also the site of the former Kallang Gas Works, built in 1861 and it stayed in operations for decades until its closure in March 1998. The Manmatha Karuneshvarar Temple that was build shortly after the Kallang Gas Works were build, sits on the road's entrance. The although kampung and the Kallang Gas Works are long gone, its legacy remains with the road retaining its name and one of the Kallang Gas Works' tank holders remaining at the Kallang Riverside Park.

Lorong 1 - 44 Geylang
      لوروڠ 1 - 44 ڬيلڠ

Lorong 1 to Lorong 21A Geylang
Lorong 22 to Lorong 44 Geylang
The name Geylang was found on the Franklin and Jackson Plans, reproduced in  John Crawfurd's (The 2nd Resident of Singapore) 1828 book. In the map, the name is refereed to a river in a map noted as "R. Gilang". It is believed that the word "Geylang" is a corrupted Malay word of "Kilang" meaning "Factory". Another possible etymological link in the stock vocabulary of the Malay is "geylanggan" meaning to 'twist' or 'crush' a reference to the process of extracting the coconut meat and milk.

Lorong 1 till Lorong 42 Geylang was named by the Municipal Commissioners in 1928. Lorong 44 was added later sometime later. "Lorong" is Malay for "Lane", it is presumed that the Municipal Commissioners adopted this numbering system out of respect of the Malay majority community residing there. The lorongs in Geylang is one of four surviving estates to bare this numbering system, including Toa Payoh, Realty Park and Changi. Telok Kurau and East Coast used letters instead. But the lorongs in East Coast has since been renamed to fruits and historical figures instead.

The lanes in the northern side are given odd numbered names (Lorong 1, 3, 5 and so on), and the lanes south or Geylang Road are given even numbered names (Lorong 2, 4, 6 and so on). Today, as with Toa Payoh and Changi, many people, organizations and even the government, including the LTA themselves, incorrectly refer to these roads, for example, as "Geylang Lorong 3" with the suffix "Lorong" coming after "Geylang". This is due to the majority of roads in Singapore using an English street numbering system (I.e, Tampines Avenue 10) and people have been more accustom to it.

Today, for as long as I can remember, this area of Geylang is famously known as a red light district, both legal and illegal, still actively operating till this day. Historically, the area was rampant with organized crime and vice operations ran by gangs with the sex and drug trade actively operating in the area. These activities had since seen a decline in the late 2010s. Private houses, condominiums, old private apartments, brothels (refereed to as "fishtanks" by locals), shophouses and budget hotels littered the landscape of these lanes.

Lorong Bachok
   لوروڠ باچوك

Lorong Bachok is a minor one way lane in Geylang, sandwiched between Lorong 19 Geylang and Lorong 20 Geylang. It is lined up by conserved shophouses on one side and an carpark on the other. Bachok appears to be a name of a person. There is also a town in the State of Kelantan in Malaysia named "Bachok".

Lorong Abu Talib
    لوروڠ ابو طالب

Located off Woo Mon Chew Road in Opera Estate, Lorong Abu Talib is a minor dead end road flanked by landed housing. Abu Talib is a male Malay name, meaning "claimant". After extensive research, it is unknown who is behind the man Lorong Abu Talib is named after.

Lorong Nangka
     لوروڠ نڠك

Located off Still Road and Pulasan Road, Lorong Nangka is a short minor lane surrounded by landed housing. Nangka means Jackfruit in Malay.

Lorong Strangee
   لوروڠ ستراڠاي

Lorong Stangee is a network of roads off East Coast Road flanked by private landed houses. Named sometime in 1939, Stangee is type of incense made from aromatic wood and a variety of other ingredients used in Peranakan household. It is usually burned during important occasions such as weddings or prayers. It is believed that the scent of stangee is keeps away undesirable spiritual energies.

Lorong Tahar
   لوروڠ تاهر

Lorong Tahar is a dead end back lane located off Lorong 7 Geylang. Tahar, or "bertahar" is a term to mean "to continue forward, despite the odds". It is also used as a name for a Malay male person.

Previous - Malay Road Toponyms 24
Epilogue - Malay Road Toponyms 26 and Epilogue

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